The Legislative Power of the National Government of the Federated States of Micronesia is vested in the FSM Congress. Under Article IX of the FSM Constitution, the following powers are expressly delegated to Congress:
- To provide for the National Defense;
- To ratify treaties;
- To regulate immigration, emigration, naturalization, and citizenship;
- To impose taxes, duties, tariffs based on imports;
- To impose taxes on income;
- To issue and regulate currency;
- To regulate banking; foreign and interstate commerce, insurance, the issuance and use of commercial paper and securities; bankruptcy and insolvency, and patents and copyrights;
- To regulate navigation and shipping except within lagoons, lakes and rivers;
- To establish usury limits on majors loans;
- To provide for a national postal system;
- To acquire and govern new territory;
- To govern the area set aside as the National Capital;
- To regulate the ownership, exploration, and exploitation of natural resources within the marine space of the Federated States of Micronesia beyond 12 miles from island baselines;
- To establish and regulate a national public service system;
- To impeach and remove the President; Vice President; and justices of the Supreme Court;
- To define major crimes and prescribe penalties, having due regard for local custom and tradition; and
- To override a Presidential Veto by not less than a ¾ vote of all State delegations, each delegation casting one vote.
The Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia is unicameral. Section 8 of the Article IX of the FSM Constitution provides that Congress consists of one member elected at-large from each of the four states of Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, and Yap on the basis of State equality, and the additional ten members elected from Congressional districts in each State apportioned by population. Members elected on the basis of State equality serve for a 4-year term, and all other Members serve for 2 years. Each Member has one vote, except on the final reading of bills when the head of each State delegation of the four States has one vote.
Presently, Yap’s Delegation to the FSM Congress consists of one at-large (four-year term) Senator, and one two-year Senator for the entire Yap State district as apportioned by the current population of the State of Yap. For more information on Yap’s current delegation to the FSM Congress, please click the Your Representatives link on the Menu.
For more information About the FSM Congress, please visit the FSM Congress Website.