Marrakesh, Morocco. November 13, 2016. Speaker Wesley W. Simina led an FSM Congressional Delegation to the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) meeting on the occasion of the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP22) and the 12th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP12) in Marrakesh, Morocco.
The FSM Congressional delegation joined with other parliamentarians from around the world to adopt an outcome document, which among a number of matters welcomes “the international community’s growing awareness of the reality of climate change, its consequences and its potential human and economic costs”. The parliamentarians further reaffirmed “that the Paris Agreement, signed in New York on 22 April 2016 by 174 States – the largest ever number of signatories to an international agreement – … represents a strong, almost unanimous political commitment from the international community, as well as undeniable victory for climate-change diplomacy”.
The world parliamentarians at the IPU also welcomed the entry into force on November 4, 2016 of the Paris Agreement, which at the time of the meeting 105 countries had ratified. The FSM Congress had earlier ratified the Paris Agreement on August 2, 2016 through Congressional Resolution No. 19-237.
In their outcome document, the parliamentarians also recognized “the ongoing role of parliamentarians in strengthening the international response to climate change”, which included among a listing of 13 key roles:
- Calling upon those countries who have not done so to “initiate a swift process of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession” of the Paris Agreement;
- Reaffirming its resolve as parliamentarians “to speed up ratification of the Paris Agreement”;
- Considering that the COP22 “must lay the foundations for implementation of that Agreement” by prioritizing delivering nationally determined contributions, mobilizing funds, enhancing adaptation, promoting measures to support economic growth, technological development, and paying particular attention to regions affected by climate change-induced migration flows;
- Urging world parliamentarians “to implement the Parliamentary Action Plan on Climate Change adopted at the 134th IPU Assembly in Lusaka”;
- As well as, recommend “effective activation of the Green Climate Fund…whose aim is to transfer funds from the most advanced countries to the most vulnerable developing countries that are seriously affected by climate change”.
The Parliamentarian Meeting on the Occasion of the COP22 also included various discussion panels, briefing sessions, and special presentations on how world parliamentarians can better address the issues posed by climate change by transposing these international agreements into national legislation, supported appropriations, and oversight.
The FSM has already taken some lead steps in this area, including enacting the FSM Climate Change Act in November 2013 aimed at “implementing certain provisions of the FSM’s Nationwide Integrated Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Policy”. More recently, the FSM Congress also created a Special Committee on Climate Change and Environmental Issues. For more information on Climate Change Legislation in the FSM, please refer to the 2015 Global Climate Legislation Study for Micronesia by the London School of Economics and Political Science and the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and Environment, or visit the FSM Congress website to access the various measures.
The Congressional delegation, which included Speaker Simina; Senator Esmond B. Moses, who is the Vice Chairman on the Special Committee on Climate Change; Legislative Counsel Lam T. Dang; and Information Officer Andy Choor, were part of the FSM’s official COP22 delegation which included President Peter M. Christian and his executive delegation.